I'm thrilled to share this Proof of Concept with the world. For many decades there have been products that claimed to fix soil, conserve water in agriculture, help soils retain water, increase carbon in the soil, and make the soil a better place for microbes to live. In recent years Bio Char has become the rage with similar claims of success. However Bio Char can be nothing else other than the cellulose of wood that has burned off the lignin glue that holds the cellulose together as wood. Remember that Cellulose is glucose linked together as a larger complex sugar, so once the lignin is gone, the remaining molecular structure cannot have much of a Mechanism of Action that can change the chemistry or physics of soil. Since Bio Char is lightweight in bulk density its possible that if you used enough of it you could fluff up the soil and change its porosity, therefore increasing the soils ability to absorb water and oxygen. Remember that an acre of sand one foot deep will weigh about 4.8 million pounds so to decrease its bulk density by enough margin to make a difference you'd need to add 250 tons to the acre. This would not be economically feasible! However our company, Soil Secrets LLC has performed molecular analysis of soil carbon structures down to a sub-atomic level, describing for the first time what these molecular structures are and how they work and we can now manufacture them in bulk. We have a clear understanding of what the Mechanism of Actions are concerning these structures, some of which address the benefits I listed at the start of this statement. The attached images, part of the Commercial Proprietary Information of Soil Secrets demonstrate the evidence that this product called TerraPro, a Biological Biominetic of Nature will fix the many problems of soil including the loss of soil carbon, collapsed disperse soil, poor porosity reducing water percolation and excessive demand for irrigation in both urban landscaping as well as agriculture. We've performed a vegetation analysis on clients crops in California using Color Infrared (CIR) Imagery that shows when a crop is getting enough water, when the soil is cooler and therefore not evaporating as much water, and showing when the crop leaf temperatures have gotten too warm for photosynthesis to continue. The green on the following images are the cooler areas where TerraPro was applied. On the Corn silage image the rate of application went from 2000 pounds per acre down to 66 pounds, where even the smaller amount still shows some green. Not as much as the 2000 pounds, but still impressive results. In a future post I'll show some almond and pistachio orchards where you can see the trees have more foliage where the TerraPro was applied. Keep in mind that TerraPro is not a fertilizer, it's a soil biologic treatment. The images at ground level showing the base of corn plants shows which plants are under stress and which are not. If the stem shows pink, that's nitrate accumulation happening because the plant is under water stress, while the plants showing little to no pink are not as stressed. These two images are only a few dozen feet from each other but the green non-pink plants were treated with 2000 pounds of TerraPro per acre at planting. I can guarantee you that 2000 pounds of compost or 2000 pounds of bio-char cannot achieve this same benefit.
I was recently asked to provide a simplified explanation on the importance of Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) values. My Response: CEC is the ability of a soil to hold onto plant nutrients. The finer the particle size the higher CEC value, generally speaking. For example sand particles are course and visible to the naked eye, where as clay particles are fine and are not visible to the naked eye. So clay will have a higher CEC value than sand. It is obvious to most of us that sand cannot hold onto water or nutrients as well as a soil with a finer texture. Therefore, soils rich in Clay and Loam size particles are universally recognized as being better for farming - CEC explains this. The numerical value for CEC represents how much nutrition can be held by a given amount of soil. For example one pound of a clay loam soil with a CEC value of 20 will hold 4 times as many nutrients as a sandy soil with a CEC value of 5. 20/4 = 5 . It's all about math, for example Nitrogen in